Web links

Arranged into sections:-
Associations | Books | Data | Education | Genealogy | General | History | Mills | Museums | Paper Art | Printing | Watermarks and paper identification

Associations

International Association of Paper Historians
The IPH integrates professionals of different branches and all friends of paper within the field of paper history. It coordinates all interests and activities in paper history as an international specialist association co-operating with international, regional and local organisations not only of paper historians but also of keepers of archives and libraries, conservators, art historians, specialists in books, printing and technology, associations of the paper industry, the publishing trade etc., including handicraft and artistic activities in connection with paper.

ICON Book and Paper Group
The Institute of Conservation Book and Paper Group is the leading organisation devoted to the advancement of the conservation of books, archives, and art on paper.

Paper Federation of Great Britain
The Paper Federation of Great Britain is the trade association representing UK manufacturers of pulp, paper and board. Site includes industry key statistics.

Paper Industry Trade Association
The Paper Industry Technical Association (PITA) is an independent, professionally managed organisation and produces the journal Paper Technology. It provides a forum for the exchange of information and technology to the benefit of its members in the pulp, paper, converting and allied trades. Whilst under the management of a dedicated professional team, the Association's activities are directed by volunteers from all areas of the industry.

Books

Society of Bookbinders
The Society of Bookbinders is a UK-based educational charity dedicated to traditional and contemporary bookbinding and to the preservation and conservation of the printed and written word.

Frances Wakeman Books
Specialists in antiquarian and out-of-print books on papermaking, paper specimens, watermarks, marbling, decorated paper, as well as books on bookbinding, printing, typography, etc. At this site you can search a selection of our stock and view our on-line catalogues. Free printed catalogues available upon request.

John Balston
Three volumes by John Balston on James Whatman and the development of wove paper. Some details of the history of the company and on wove paper, includes useful extracts from the books on making wove paper and associated topics.

British Book Trade Index
The British Book Trade Index, or BBTI, is an index of the names and brief biographical details and trade details of people who worked in the book trade in England and Wales and who were trading by 1851. There is a separate Scottish Book Trade Index.

Oak Knoll
Oak Knoll website, home of Oak Knoll Press, publisher, and Oak Knoll Books, rare and out-of print bookseller. Our database contains the world's largest inventory of books about books and bibliography.

Data

Pulp and Paper Information Centre
The Pulp and Paper Information Centre is the centralised source of information for the pulp and paper industry. Site includes information on industry issues, facts & figures, and a section for children.

Paperonline
Useful site for up to date facts and figures, by country, of paper production. Also a section on paper history and a very useful question and answer page, particularly for technical questions on modern paper production.

Paper Federation of Great Britain
The Paper Federation of Great Britain is the trade association representing UK manufacturers of pulp, paper and board. Site includes industry key statistics.

Fibre Technology Association
A research organisation for the Pulp, Paper and Board Industries.

Education

Pulp and Paper Information Centre
The Pulp and Paper Information Centre is the centralised source of information for the pulp and paper industry. Site includes information on industry issues, facts & figures, and a section for children.

The Manufacture of Fine Papers
Slide show presentation of the history of paper at the Appalachian State University, ideal for educational purposes and children.

Genealogy

Papermakers.org.uk
A site which which is intended to become a central focus for all genealogical papermaking interests in the United Kingdom, currently under development but has a listing of most of the information relating to the paper industry from the 1881 census returns.

General

Webguide to the world of handmade paper
About mid of 1998 this website started as a one-page-only list of links and developed continuously into a gateway to handmade paper on the internet. All links are accompanied by short comments in same language as the website referred to.

A Short History of Paper Boats
Over a hundred years ago a prosperous industry emerged in Troy, New York in the manufacture of rowing boats and canoes from paper. These ranged from simple single-person rowing shells to a 45 foot "pleasure barge" that could seat seventeen in addition to its six oarsmen.

History

The Paper History Channel
Welcome to your gateway to paper industry history. This site is dedicated to bringing you factual and anecdotal history concerning papermaking, the machines that make the paper, and the people responsible for bringing papermaking to the level of technology we enjoy today.

Paperonline
Useful site for up to date facts and figures, by country, of paper production. Also a section on paper history and a very useful question and answer page, particularly for technical questions on modern paper production.

Paper History International Hall of Fame
A predominantly American based organisation but useful for 19th and 20th century information on U.S. papermakers and papermaking firms.

Sapphire Project
The SAPPHIRE project has created a valuable sound archive and database of material on social, economic and cultural aspects of the twentieth century Scottish print and publishing industry from people who are or have been involved within that industry during their working lives. Part of this is a new initiative looking into the oral and social history of papermaking on the Water of Leith.
Recently published book - Papermaking on the Water of Leith - examines the papermaking industry on the Water of Leith during the twentieth century, from before the second World War through to the closure of the last mill in the 1989.

Japanese paper
Short account of some Japanese papers.

Chronology of paper & papermaking
Edited from Dard Hunter's chronology.

Mills

Colthrop Mill, Thatcham
Under the 'documents' link.

Dickinson's Mills, Hemel Hempstead
Fourteen pages on the Dickinson family and the mills they worked. Includes information on the Apsley Paper Trail.

Dulcote Mills
Part of the history of Dulcote website.

The Mills Archive
The Mills Archive is one of the world's great mill collections.

Norfolk Mills
Information on Norfolk Mills, many of which have operated as paper mills.

Snodland Mill, Kent
Paper on the papermakers of Snodland 1740-1854.

Withnell Fold Mill, Lancashire

Museums

Heron Corn Mill
In 1988, to commemorate 500 years of paper making in England, the barn on the site was refurbished to house the Museum of Paper Making, adding another dimension to the site. Paper making is an important local industry, established over 250 years ago on the opposite bank of the river.

Museum of Washi
The history of washi. Washi in modern Japanese culture. Washi overseas. Washi is an excellent material for repairing cultural properties in many countries.

The Pen Room
The Pen Room is a museum dedicated to the history of the manufacture of pens, situated in Birmingham's Jewellery Quarter.

Paper Art

Susan Cutts
Susan Cutts is a paper sculptor who has exhibited widely in the UK and abroad.  Her clients include Sotheby's and the Faversham Society.

Tsuguo Yanai's Fibre Art
Tsuguo Yanai is an award-winning Japanese artist who works in the medium of paper work, or fibre art.

International Association of Hand Papermakers and Paper Artists
The world's leading organisation for paper artists. It was founded in 1986 in Düren, Germany, when paper as an art medium was far less well-known than it is today.

Printing

History of Printing
Short history of printing from the printing press till now, with links to sites with further information on printing and printed books. Site recommended by the students of Green Mountain Central School District, Vermont.

Watermarks and paper identification

The Thomas L. Gravell Watermark Archive
A collection of over 7,000 watermarks on handmade paper in both the United States and Europe from the 15th to the 19th centuries. You will need technical knowledge in order to use this site.

Watermarks collected by Gabriel Garcia. Mostly fairly recent examples but good images and worth a browse for watermark images and references as he is constantly updating.

The Watermark Initiative
Hosted by Bates College, Maine.

Archive of Papers and Watermarks
Paper Registry v 0.1.13, Robert W. Allison & James Hart, 2002

John Singer Sargent at Harvard University
Includes a keyword search on French watermarks in papers used by Sargent.

Watermarks in Incunabula printed in the Low Countries

Paper Identification Database
The Paper Identification Database is created for collecting data for historic paper characterisation and identification and evidence of historic paper making and paper mills. Not only data from water marks, but also details of laid and chain lines characteristic of hand made rag paper are documented. Size, colour and acidity measurements, fiber morphology and pulp type as well as paper sizing and other components in paper have their places in the database.