The Quarterly No 89 - January 2014


Papermaking Cousins: John Annandale & Sons and Joseph Town & Sons - Catherine Wright

Family and social history of two important papermaking families that intermarried - the Towns (Keighley, West Yorkshire) and Annandales (Northumberland). Conference Paper 2013.

9 pages, 9 illustrations


Papyrus, Parchment and Paper. Part 6. The Pouring Mould - Richard L Hills

This part of the story of early writing materials outlines the development of the pouring mould in China during the early seventh century, and describes how variants of this design are still used today around parts of Asia.

5 pages, 2 illustration


Life in a mid-Victorian Papermaking Village: The Memoirs of John Turner (1837-1918)- Mike Stanyon

Social history, taken from an unpublished diary of a man living in Hemel Hempstead during the middle years of the nineteenth century. The article centres upon descriptions of the area around Nash Mills and the other surrounding Dickinson establishments. Conference Paper 2013.

6 pages, 4 illustrations


Oxfordshire Paper Mills: Part 4 - Notes on South Oxfordshire - Frances Wakeman

The first of three short articles, based upon unpublished research notes from Frances Wakeman, who has written extensively on the subject of Oxfordshire paper mills for many years previously. These articles in particular focus upon previously unpublished facts relating to the mills - in this case Rotherfield Peppard (New Mills) and Shiplake Mill.

2.5 pages, 4 tables


How Pulp Ware is Made - Anon

A very short article on the manufacture of pressed pulp ware made from wood pulp at the end of the nineteenth century in Thetford.

0.5 page


A Substitute for Glass - Anon

Another unusual use to which paper was put during the nineteenth century, this time in Germany, where strong manila was impregnated with linseed oil and used to ´glaze´ greenhouses, cloches and other garden buildings.

0.5 page


The Hollingworth and Balston ´Turkey Mill´ Countermarks - Stephen R Hill

The use of the ´Turkey Mill´ countermark by both the Hollingworths and Balstons has confused many paper historians. This article reprints and annotates the indenture by which the Balstons were permitted to use the countermark.

5.5 pages, 10 illustrations


Fire at Head Weir Mill, Exeter - Anon

A short newspaper report about a mill fire, circa October 1800.

0.5 page


The Scots and the First Fourdrinier in Canada - Ewen Jardine

The story of how emigrant Scots papermakers helped develop the use of the Fourdrinier paper machine in Canada. The article follows the fortunes of several such pioneer papermakers, and includes short biographies of the major players. Conference Paper 2013.

8 pages, 10 illustrations


Wood Pulp Making Machinery - Anon

A short, well-illustrated article, showing the range of mechanical apparatus used to produce wood pulp at the end of the nineteenth century.

2.5 pages, 8 illustrations


The National Paper Museum - Richard L Hills

The fact the UK once had a National Paper Museum is perhaps not widely known. It opened in April 1963, and was sited at a Wiggins Teape Mill in St Mary Cray, Kent. The museum was forced to close when the mill was shut in 1967, since which time no similar museum has ever been re-established. This article describes the floor layout of the museum, and some of the exhibits and collection (which still reside at the Museum of Science and Industry, in Manchester, almost all of it in stores.)

3.5 pages, 2 illustrations


Paper Duties, 1729 - Anon

Paper used to be taxed, and was a significant source of revenue to the UK government. This article describes the level of tax levied, and a useful table appended lists the names of paper sizes, and their dimensions.

2 pages, 1 table


Large Paper-Making Felt Looms - Anon

The point where textiles and paper intersect - paper machine clothing. This illustrated piece shows a large loom developed for production of paper machine felts.

1 page, 1 illustration


Book Reviews:

A Bowater Album - David Hammersley & Kevin Robertson
Guide Book, The Sittingbourne and Kemsley Light Railway
Two publications that together describe the Sittingbourne & Kemsley Light Railway - built to service the paper mills, and now still running as a ´heritage´ railway now the mills have closed.


The Secret of the Swedish Filter Paper - Anon

A very short item describing the unusual process which made Swedish filter paper so different to those versions produced at more southerly latitudes.

0.5 page