The Quarterly No. 80 - October 2011

Migration, Identity and Print Culture: Sir David Henry & the Kinleith Paper Mill - David Finkelstein & Sydney Shep

David Henry was one of the pioneers of the early twentieth century paper industry in New Zealand. He was a Scot who emigrated to start a new life; in 1935 he became the chairman of the New Zealand Forest Products company, and in 1954 he was instrumental in opening the Kinleith Paper Mill. This article discusses the mill, the town and the local community that grew up around it, the roots of which can be found based in Henry's Scottish background.

6 pages

Early Machine Wires and Dandy Rolls - Anon

A short piece about the formation of the firm that became known as Green, Son and Waite, the famous firm of machine wire and dandy roll makers, which only closed in 2006. In particular it claims the firm made the first machine wire in 1805, and first dandy roll in 1816 - significantly earlier than Marshalls.

1 page

Railways in Papermaking Part 3: The Wye Valley - Mike Stanyon

This series continues with descriptions of Thomas & Green's Soho Mill, based at Wooburn Green, and three mills belonging to Jackson's Millboard & Paper Co. Ltd.: Princes Mill, Gunpowder Mill and Hedsor Mill.

2 pages, 2 illustrations

Contrasting Fortunes at the Milltown Paper Mill in the 1870s - Mike Malley

Another article about an area the author is rapidly making his own: the period in the late 19th century when many UK mills moved from private ownership to incorporation. The mill in question was sited at Ballyclare, just north of Belfast. It started making paper around 1836, and ceased in 1950, but the article concentrates upon a ten year period, commencing around 1867, during which the mill finances were reorganised. The author traces the share ownership, directorial positions, and the reasons why the firm was in liquidation by 1875, only to rise again and survive a further 75 years.

7 pages, 5 illustrations/tables

History of Paper Test Instrumentation Part 20: Box and Carton Testing - Daven Chamberlain

Most of the articles in this series have concentrated upon paper test apparatus. However, much paper and paperboard is formed into packaging, notably boxes and cartons. These require unique test apparatus designs that have hitherto not been covered in the series, but which are outlined in this article.

4 pages, 4 illustrations

Flower, Perch, Apple: The Kelmscott Press Paper as Ideology - Teri Hassel & Prof. P. Stansky

The Kelmscott Press was started by the artisan and social theorist William Morris, who believed in the power of Art to benefit Society. The egalitarian view that Morris developed is highlighted here by reference to letters showing his relationship with the papermaker Batchelor & Sons, who ran the mill at Little Chart, near Ashford, Kent. Batchelor, in collaboration with Morris, developed the high quality paper used for his many publications.

6 pages

Book Reviews:

Home Park Paper Mill at Kings Langley, Hertfordshire - Alan Penwarden
A small booklet, published by The Apsley Paper Trail, on this paper, coating, and converting mill that was once part of the Dickinson's empire.

Folding Techniques for Designers: From Sheet to Form - Paul Jackson
A large book aimed at professional paper folders and paper artists that shows the many techniques in use to create complex sculptures.

An Album of 115 Drawings and Watercolours made in France and the Environs of London, 1765-1768 by Samuel Hieronymus Grimm (1733-1794) - Peter Bower

A detailed exposition of the papers found in this album of drawings and watercolours, which includes examples of both English and Dutch manufacture. The artist's work is particularly interesting because it coincided with the flowering of 'fine' paper manufacture in England. The author describes the artist's relationship with paper, his understanding of the medium and the effect that paper texture, tone and surface had on his work.

9 pages, 8 illustrations

Finding Bryan Donkin's Grave - Sally & Peter Bower

The great engineer's grave can be found in Nunhead Cemetary, South East London. This tells the story of how a cat led the authors to the site of the Donkin family vault.

1 page, 1 illustration

Hidden Traces: European Writing Paper goes to the East - Russell Jones

Many European writing papers found their way to the East, where they were used to produce manuscripts. Yet scholars of these manuscripts are often ignorant of the information that can be obtained by examination of watermarks and other surface markings. This is especially important given the fact that manuscripts were often copied verbatim, which means the manuscript may refer to a mediaeval document, but be copied upon an eighteenth or nineteenth century paper. The author calls for greater vigilance in assessing these manuscripts, and for better recording of the information contained within the paper sheet.

6 pages, 4 illustrations

William Town on Paper Duty - supplied by Catherine Wright

Contemporary account of paper duty calculation and payment by this member of a small family mill in Keighley, West Yorkshire. The author was born in 1839, and Excise duty discontinued in 1862, so the piece almost certainly describes the situation in the late 1850s or early 1860s.

1 page

R. T. Tanner & Co Ltd: The History of a Family Business - Anthony & Sarah Tanner

Most articles on the paper industry in The Quarterly refer to mills; paper merchants or stationers provide the link between manufactures and the public, and as such provide a valuable service that is relatively poorly documented. This article describes one such business, which started in London in 1877, and covers the period until the firm moved to Crayford in 1961.

5 pages, 6 illustrations