The Quarterly No. 77 - January 2011


The 1739 Will of a Surrey Papermaker - Alan Crocker

Wills are a useful source of social history. This article describes a rare early 18th example, which details much of use to both the paper historian and the social historian.

6 pages, 7 illustrations


Celia Fiennes' Description of her Visit to a Canterbury Paper Mill in 1697 - Dr Thea Burns

Celia Fiennes was a rather unique 17th century lady who travelled the length and breadth of the country on horseback. She was particularly interested in the industrialisation of the nation, so her diaries are a useful source for all industrial historians who want contemporary descriptions of industrial processes. Here the noted scholar Dr Thea Burns assesses what can be learnt from Celia's description of a late 17th century English paper mill.

4 pages


Sampling the Samples - Colin Cohen

Sample books are the common way that most paper manufacturers advertise their wares, yet they are a relatively recent invention, dating from around 1855. This article takes a journey through the author's collection of sample books, and highlights a few examples which he considers transcend mere advertising and entered the realm of trend-setting.

4 pages, 2 illustrations


A Brief History of Wiggins Teape UK Manufactories - Part 3 - The Age of Construction (1940 - 1959) - Daven Chamberlain

The third part of this series describes the major building programme that Wiggins Teape undertook after the Second World War. This was the swansong of the company, when their last great projects were planned and put into action; new mills and machines were constructed, but there were inevitable mill closures to compensate for the increased expenditure. All these changes are detailed, and many are illustrated.

5 pages, 10 illustrations


Making Antiquarian Paper in 1888 - Stephen R Hill

Antiquarian was the largest size of hand-made paper ever produced commercially. This article describes both the production process, and the mill where it was made, in the late 19th century.

3 pages, 1 illustration


Two Chapters on Bank Note Forgeries - Chapter II - Charles Dickens

Banknote forgery was a capital offence in the up till 1830. This article, the second by the celebrated author and journalist, tells the story of convicted forgers both before and after the death sentence was repealed. Most were small-time felons, but many were surprisingly competent. As ever the stories are told with Dickens' usual dynamism and wit.

5 pages


The Papers used for the Printing of Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect, by Robert Burns (1759-1796) Printing in Kilmarnock by John Wilson 1786 - Peter Bower

Robert Burns' great book is generally reviewed with regard to the poetry it contains. This article dissects several original copies of the work, illustrating the many watermarks that can be found, and describing where these papers were manufactured.

6 pages, 8 illustrations


The Development of Watermarking: Part 2 - Clayton Beadle

Clayton Beadle was a well-known paper scientist from the turn of the 20th century. He was also a collector of watermarks, which he catalogued. This, the final part of his description of how watermarks developed, takes the story from the first English watermark to the late 19th century. His collection can still be consulted at the Museum of Science and Industry, Manchester.

7 pages, 9 illustrations