The Quarterly No. 73 - January 2010

East Lancashire Paper Mill Co. Ltd. - Part 2 - PW Hampson

The second part of this series examining the early years of this limited company. In particular this part details the occupations and geographic spread of the early shareholders over the first 30 years of the company's life, linking this with the early Co-operative movement.

7 pages, 8 illustrations / tables

Alternative Suggestions for Excise List, 8 October 1816 - Tanya Schmoller, Brian Luker, Ian Dye and Daven Chamberlain

In Quarterly No.66 a transcription of this Excise list, made by Richard L. Hills, was published. After contact by a few members of the Association, this list of alternative suggestions for some for the entries has been compiled.

2 pages

The Story of Cross & Bevan: Part 3 - Viscose - Trevor Dean

The first two parts of this story were published in Quarterly Nos.62 and 66 respectively. This final part of the story deals with the partnership's most important patentable discovery, viscose (a form of modified cellulose derived from wood pulp). Its early use in a variety of areas, including papermaking, is described, before the development of a textile industry based on the fibre is outlined. The surprising importance of this product to the war effort in WWII is also discussed.

6 pages, 5 illustrations / tables

Dutch Papermaking in the 17th Century as Exemplified by the Schoolmeester Windmill - Richard L Hills

Use of wind to power papermaking machinery was highly uncommon in the UK, but much more widely practised in Holland. The article describes how basic changes to the configuration of windmills around 1600 increased their power output, making them suitable for use in industrial settings, such as papermaking. Details of how they were used are gleaned primarily from the layout and mechanics of the Schoolmeester mill.

2 pages

History of Paper Test Instrumentation Part 14: Rigidity and Stiffness Testers - Daven Chamberlain

The series continues with a look at apparatus developed to measure two properties of great importance for 'handling performance' of paper and board. In relative terms all such apparatus is much more modern than for many other types of test apparatus reviewed previously, since it all stems from the twentieth century. Nevertheless a very wide series of approaches to the problem of measuring these properties is covered, from mechanical deflection of beams, to measuring transmittance of sound or vibrations through paper. Copious illustrations are provided to aid understanding.

9 pages, 7 illustrations

A Scottish Mystery - Michael Stanyon

A single illustration of a group of prominent Scottish papermakers, circa 1866.

1 page, 1 illustration

Bryan Donkin Junior and the Carr Family at St. Petersburg Mill - Alan Crocker

A short follow-up to Alan's article from The Quarterly No.69, adding further background information to the story of Donkin's stay in Russia.

1 page, 1 illustration

Sperling's Cylinder Machines and Marbling Apparatus

This well-illustrated article described a firm who manufactured mechanical apparatus to print and marble decorative papers in the late Victorian era and early twentieth century.

3 pages, 3 illustrations

Mitchells of Bordesley: A Century of Fancy Papermaking - Martin Mitchell Davis

Mitchells were a family-run business specialising in fancy and decorative papers. The author, whose father ran the company, did not want to go in to the business so trained to be a solicitor instead. Nevertheless he came to realise, after closure of the firm in 1963, there was an interesting story to tell. Indeed, Mitchells appears to be a firm that has hitherto eluded detection by those interested in the history of decorative paper manufacture. This article covers the 130 year history of the firm; sample books described therein are available to consult, having been donated by the author to Manchester Metropolitan University.

4 pages, 1 illustration

The Development of Watermarking: Part 1 - Clayton Beadle

Clayton Beadle was a member of the Cross & Bevan partnership, and indeed is named on the early Viscose patent. Later, he left the partnership to set up as a consultant for the paper industry. In addition to technical consulting Beadle maintained an interest in history, and amassed a large collection of watermarked papers from the earliest days to the early twentieth century. This article is the first of two parts where he charts the development of watermaking in Western Europe.

7 pages, 9 illustrations

Laundry Blue Paper: Its Ingredients and Manufacture - James Scott

Sanitary-type papers formed a recurrent subject for Scott, and in previous editions of The Quarterly we have published a number of his articles. This one is slightly different from the rest in that he described a new use to which he thinks paper can be applied; as such he tries to interest prospective manufacturers in producing a paper containing a 'blue-whitener' for use in laundry.

3 pages, 3 illustrations

Mill Posters from the Depression - Michael Stanyon

A series of four posters from 1921 displayed at Croxley Mills. These were selected to illustrate a large collection of similar posters deposited recently at the Apsley Paper Trail Archive.

1 page, 4 illustrations

Book Reviews:

Papermaking at Hayle Mill, by Maureen Green
BAPH member Maureen Barcham-Green's definitive work on the history of this important Kent mill.

Papermaking in Lincolnshire 1600-1900, by Hugh Nott
Hugh Nott has produced the first book to describe papermaking in this county. With copious illustrations and an excellent text he details the intertwining history of the handful of mills. The book is particularly strong on social history.