The Quarterly No. 71 - July 2009


The Importance of Early Italian Paper and Papermaking in Britain - Richard L. Hills

During the middle ages England had strong trading links with mainland Europe, in particular with Italy. Wool was the main export and source of customs revenue, and during this period Italian paper was among goods imported. This article starts by describing these trade links, and illustrates some of the advances in 14th century Italian papermaking by reference to various paper samples held in Hereford Cathedral archives. It continues by outlining the development of white paper manufacture across Europe, and in this country, and details how imports of quality paper to England were changed by war and development of the indigenous industry.

7 pages, 5 illustrations


Allenwood Paper Mill in Cumbria - Alan Crocker and Denis Perriam

This short article follows on from one published by Alan Crocker in The Quarterly No.64. It describes a Cumbrian mill that had a working life of around 50 years, starting from the mid nineteenth century. Most of the text describes in detail what can be gleaned from two photographs of the mill dating from the 1890s.

3 pages, 3 illustrations


British Bibliography of Paper History and Watermark Studies No.16, 2008 - Peter Bower

Listing of articles concerned with papermaking history and paper conservation published in 2008.

2 pages


History of Paper Test Instrumentation Part 12: Tear Strength Testers - Daven Chamberlain

This is the fourth successive article in the series to depict strength test apparatus; tear testers are a more recent branch of strength testers than those discussed in the previous three articles. Several families of instruments are described and illustrated, most of which ceased to be used prior to WW2. The text tells the story of their development, most of which are now forgotten as today a single type of instrument dominates.

9 pages, 6 illustrations


The Augsburg Wunderzeichenbuch: the papers used in a sixteenth century Book of Miracles - Peter Bower

The book in question contains 167 pages of startling images in gouache and watercolour. Subject matter ranges from depictions of Old Testament scenes, to miraculous events such as earthquakes, comets, and the day when three suns shone simultaneously. After describing the book and placing it in context the author gives a detailed description of how several of the papers were identified and attributed.

10 pages, 13 illustrations (8 colour)


Iodine Paper: its manufacture and peculiar chemistry - James Scott

Yet another type of sanitising paper common in the early part of the twentieth century, described and illustrated by a prominent author of the time.

3 pages, 3 illustrations


Roughway Mill Rag Cutter

A single illustration of a woman preparing rags at the mill, circa 1920.


Book Reviews:

The Sense of Paper, by Taylor Holden.
A rare example of a fictional story where paper plays a recurring central theme in the plot.

Paper Trails: From Trees to Trash - The True Cost of Paper, by Mandy Haggith.
A diatribe against perceived excesses of the modern paper industry by an Eco-warrior.


The Quarterly Index Nos 65-68 - Terry Wells

The index is arranged in nine categories: Articles by author; Articles by title; Book reviews; General index; Illustrations; Papermakers; Paper mills; Tipped-in paper samples; Watermarks. The Watermarks index is further divided into those that are illustrated and those that are mentioned in the text.

12 pages


In Memoriam: Ian Hendry - Tom Bolton

A tribute to Ian Hendry, a senior member of the international paper industry, and much missed committee member of BAPH, by a long-time colleague and friend.

1 page, 1 illustration