The Quarterly No. 69 - January 2009

Bryan Donkin Junior at St. Petersburg in 1859 - Alan Crocker

Bryan Donkin Junior was sent to St. Petersburg when only 24 years of age to undertake the largest project then given to the firm set up by his father - a whole new mill with ancillary equipment. Fortunately he kept a diary, and it is this the author borrowed and used to piece together the story of the business trip, which describes various sightseeing and leisure outings in addition to solving the problems involved with conducting business in the mid Victorian era so far from home.

11 pages, 7 illustrations

The Lower Medway Paper Mills - Jean Stirk

This article forms the basis of some work to be included when the Victoria Country History of Kent is next updated. There were five mills in the vicinity: Snodland, Cobtree, Forstal, Pratling Street and Sandling. The first is the most famous and well known; the last four were all small units whose story forms the basis of this article, in which the author pulls together the limited information available to describe papermaking in this hitherto under-researched locale.

7 pages, 3 illustrations

Home Truths about Sulphite - anon

In 1888 sulphite wood pulp was a relatively recent invention whose properties were not widely understood. This short piece describes the ways to get the best out of sulphite pulp, and equally important, how and where it should not be used.

1 page

The Excise Duty Stamps Found on the Versos of a Collection of Collages in the Manner of Mary Delany 1700-1788 - Peter Bower

Mary Delany was famous for producing beautiful and intricate paper collages. She had many imitators, and this article describes work produced by just such a group. The author uses both watermarks and Excise stamps to date some of the papers used to produce these works, which show many postdate Delany, indicating her work continued to influence artists and remained popular after her death.

7 pages, 11 illustrations

Lyng Mill No.217, Norfolk - Richard L Hills

This article details the sale catalogue for an auction held in 1868 to dispose of the Lyng paper and corn mills. Around images of the catalogue pages the author details the history of the mills, and highlights entries in the catalogue of unusual interest.

5 pages, 6 illustrations

How Chinese "Joss Paper" is Made - anon

"Joss Paper" is a special grade made for ceremonial use in China. The paper is covered with tin on one side, and when set alight it burns rapidly to produce copious amounts of white ash. This short article describes the process of manufacture and the unsuccessful attempts made by late 19th and early 20th century European manufacturers to break into this potentially lucrative market.

1 page

History of Paper Test Instrumentation Part 10: Burst, Puncture and Impact Strength Testers - Daven Chamberlain

This article describes three related forms of strength test, and details the historical development of instruments for each from the late 19th century to late 20th century. It focuses mainly upon burst test instruments, which were among the first strength testers developed for use on paper, and which are still popular today; burst test apparatus show a steady rate of evolution throughout this period. By contrast impact and puncture testers are few and far between, and generally show little development since their inception in the first half of the 20th century.

10 pages, 6 montage illustrations

Vacuum or Suction Boxes, Part 2 - J Melrose Arnot

Part one of this article, which constituted a lecture given by the author in 1922, appeared in The Quarterly No.65. This part completes Arnot's work by listing an appendix and a question-and-answer session that took place after the lecture. Together the two parts form an important early attempt to describe the chronology of this seemingly ubiquitous part of papermaking technology.

7 pages, 6 illustrations

Leather Board - anon

Leather board is a grade made by combining shredded and beaten leather with other fibrous materials. It is a hard wearing and tough material generally made on board machines. This short article describes the process by which it was made in the early 20th century, focussing particularly on the stock preparation for the various raw materials, and how altering these produced subtly different grades of leather board.

1 page