The Quarterly No. 59 - July 2006


Papermaking in Hertfordshire - Richard Hills

Hertfordshire was home to the first paper mill in Britain. The county has a further claim to fame in that mills in the county were the first in which the two most important types of paper machines were first installed. The author describes the rise, and fall, of papermaking in the county along with information on Tate's first mill, papermaking machines and alternative papermaking fibres.

9 pages, illustrated


York Conference 2004

The Miracle of Paper: Some Thoughts after 50 Years in Paper - Ian Hendry

An article looking at what paper actually is. It is an extraordinary material; it can exist in over 14,000 different forms; and new papers are being created every day. More than that, it is a material made from natural products, and no two sheets of paper are ever the same.

5 pages, illustrated


Bookbinders' Boards - JF Briggs

This article was serialised in The World's Paper Trade Review, but appeared first in the British and Colonial Printer and Stationer. It describes the manufacturing processes used to make different grades of Bookbinders' Boards, and very importantly from the conservation viewpoint, it lists many of the chemicals used during fibre processing, the residues of which were often left in this low grade board at the end of manufacture.

7 pages


British Bibliography of Paper History and Watermark Studies No 13, 2005 - Peter Bower

Listing of articles concerned with papermaking published in 2005.

3 pages


Sonnet to the Neckinger Mill - Alan Crocker

Neckinger Mill in Bermondsey is the mill where methods of recycling paper and making paper from wood, straw and other materials were developed. The prophetess Joanna Southcott is also linked with the mill. These two facets of the mill history are important to the interpretation of the sonnet which was published in the Gentleman's Magazine in 1802. The author also gives some history on the Gentleman's magazine and the history and structure of sonnets.

5 pages, illustrated


The Doctrine of Symbolism Applied to Watermarks

This article reprinted from The World's Paper Trade Review, 1909, consists of a book review containing a certain amount of criticism, followed by a reply from the book's author, then a counter-reply from the reviewer. The thesis of the book concerns the theory that contained within early watermarks is a secret code by which religious heretics (the Albigensi) could communicate.

3 pages


White Paper Condemned: Some Scientific Reasons Against the recent Methods of Printing

This interesting article was printed first in The World's Paper Trade Review, 1909. It highlights a criterion, that of legibility, which is still an important topic today in the graphics industry. Furthermore, since publication almost a century ago, the situation described has become even more extreme, as papers have increased in whiteness and also have the added effect of fluorescence. Claims in the article can be tested by changes to the background and fonts colours as displayed on the computer screen. We welcome any feedback from experiments.

2 pages


Index to The Quarterly Nos 53 - 56 - Terry Wells

The index is arranged in nine categories: Articles by author; Articles by title; Book reviews; General index; Illustrations; Papermakers; Paper mills; Tipped-in paper samples; Watermarks. The Watermarks index is further divided into those that are illustrated and those that are mentioned in the text.

13 pages