The Quarterly No. 58 - April 2006


The Great Bank Note Paper Robbery, 1861-1862 - Ian Dye

A comprehensive article covering the origins of the crime from early 1858, the events at Messrs Portals and Co Laverstoke mills during 1861-62, to the trial and its outcome. Concentrating on primary sources, consisting of testimonies which relate to different parts of the events, the author attempts to re-cast these into one chronologically sequential story.

13 pages, tables


Early Experiments with Rag Substitutes

Short article reprinted from The World's Paper Trade Review 1910 showing there was a significant interest in finding substitute materials for rags at the end of the 18th century.

1 page


An Introduction to Turkey Mill - MJ Fuller

A brief account of the setting in which Turkey mill, Maidstone, worked and prospered, being transformed from a small fulling mill into one of the most important paper mills in the land. The earliest documented reference is 1629, it was converted to a paper mill some time in the late 17th century and operated till closure in 1976. The mill has now been converted into office suites, virtually all the original buildings have been retained.

5 pages, illustrated


History of Paper Test Instrumentation Part Three: Liquid Absorption Testers - Daven Chamberlain

Continuing this comprehensive and in-depth study of paper testing instruments, this part covering liquid absorption testers. Techniques and instruments used can be split into two main groups: those that seek to saturate the paper with the test liquid, and those that look mainly at surface phenomena. This article covers both sets of tests and instruments that have not been described previously.

7 pages, illustrated


Le Club de La Buse - Ian Hendry

During the German occupation of Belgium in the Second World War many paper mills were closed. Printers were issued with coupons, called 'Bons W6', which they exchanged with paper makers for paper. Regular weekly meetings between printers and paper merchants became known as 'Le Club de La Buse'. The 'Buse' continued on after the war.

1 page


The Conservation and Reproduction of Colin Campbell's Vitruvius Britannicus - Julie Fitzgerald

Vitruvius Britannicus was published in three volumes between 1715 and 1725. Volume II was published in 1717 and contains 200 intaglio prints of British country houses. This article describes the examination and conservation of this extensively damaged volume and subsequent digital copying.

6 pages, illustrated


In Memoriam - Rémy John Barcham Green

Rémy Green (1912-2004) was the fifth generation of the Green family to run Hayle Mill, Maidstone. During his term as Managing Director he moved the mill from from being dependant on hand-made paper with the introduction of a small cylinder mould machine. He adapted this to produce industrial and scientific filter papers. He also worked with bookbinders and paper restorers, developing papers to meet their needs. Green's 105 Lens Tissue sold all over the world and was eventually recognised as also being suitable for paper repairs. He contributed greatly to paper history, working closely with EJ Labarre and Edo Loeber and was a founding member of the National Paper Museum. He was a long standing member of both the International Paper Historians and the British Association of Paper Historians.

1 page


Tropical Fibrous Plants for Paper, Textiles, etc.

A reprint of an article from The World's Paper Trade Review, 1912, showing a machine that, with suitable alteration, could be used for preparation of various plants for either paper-pulp or textile uses.

3 pages, illustrated


Millbank Paper Mill (Excise Number 213) - Mike Malley

Article following the fortunes of Millbank paper mill, Partington, near Warrington for over two hundred years. The author explores how the location of this mill, and the two other mills on this site, was chosen to best utilise water power. Furthermore, he identifies how changes in the watercourse influenced the mill's development.

4 pages, illustrated


Oxfordshire Mills part 1: Eynsham Mill - Frances Wakeman

The story of this mill from when it was converted to a paper mill in 1682 till closure in 1892 and eventual demolition in the early part of the twentieth century. The author records in detail the changes of ownership and occupancy and also paper types produced at the mill. There is also an appendix listing owners and papermakers from the 1841, 1851, 1861 and 1871 census returns

5 pages, illustrated, appendix


Liebig Cards - Paper Making  

The Liebig Company started publishing collectors' cards in about 1870 for publicity, the last were produced in 1975. The set illustrated is from 1932 and depicts scenes of papermaking, the original French text on each card has been translated.

3 pages, illustrated


Description of a Paper-Drying Apparatus Employed at the Imperial Paper Mill of Peterhoff, in Russia, Invented by Mr. William Reed

Short article reprinted from two issues of the  Mechanics' Magazine, Museum, Register, Journal and Gazette, 1829, which gives a contemporary account of the development of the paper-machine during the early decades of the 19th century.

3 pages, illustrated


The Papermaker - Johannes and Casper Luiken. Translated by JM Banfield

Short poem by Jan Luiken the famous engraver and poet on the conversion of rags to paper, in both original Dutch and English translation.

1 page, illustrated