The Quarterly No. 57 - February 2006

Cirencester Conference 2005

The British Hand Mould - Richard Hills

Development of the hand mould from its roots in the Chinese mould. Comprehensive coverage of the construction of the parts of the mould, watermarks and variations for special purposes. Appendix of moulds seen at Wookey Hole Mill.

10 pages, illustrated, appendix

Two Buckinghamshire Paper Mills c1825 - Peter Bower

Two drawings by William Henry Brooke of Mr Wright's and Mr Starford's paper mills on the river Colne in Buckinghamshire.

2 pages, illustrated

The Tartarus of Maids - Herman Melville

Story describing the lives of predominately female workers tending machinery in that relatively, at the time, new place of work, the factory. They were ruled by the machines, and are portrayed as slaves to the machines, literally working themselves to death. The story is based on a paper mill in New England an includes a description of the pper making process.

6 pages

Cirencester Conference 2005

Further Life in the Paper Industry - Barry Watson

Continuation of the author's extensive and varied life in papermaking following 'demob' in 1947. Includes his time with Albert E Reed & Co Ltd as a papermaking instructor, time at Reed College and overseas training.

3 pages

Book Review

Memories from the Mill. Compiled by Paddy Nash.
More Memories from the Mill. Compiled by Paddy Nash

Cirencester Conference 2005

Jacob Christian Schäffer: The Unsung Pioneer of Plant Papermaking - Christine Harrison

There is very little written about Jacob Schäffer, but Dard Hunter regarded him as 'the person who did more than any of his predecessors in the quest for materials for papermaking'. The article starts with his background and history, continues with an account of his work in searching out papermaking fibres and concludes with a short mention of experiments to replicate his work.

6 pages, illustrated

Mould Growths on Wood Pulp

Fungi and moulds can cause significant damage to paper articles. However, the enzymes secreted by fungi are used commercially in the pulping industry to cause partial destruction of wood; so the action of these plants can be sometimes harnessed constructively. This article describes mould formation on wood pulp stored in less than ideal conditions.

2 pages, illustrated

The Wembley Papermaking Machine goes to Australia - Harry Dagnall

Probably no other papermaking machine that has been built during the last century has had such a colourful history as the one that was constructed for the British Empire Exhibition in 1924. During its eighty years of life so far it has made many tons of various kinds of paper in this country, has been shipped across thousands of miles of ocean, and has played an important role in the establishment of a new paper industry. This phase being complete, it suffered the indignity of being split in two. The hinder part was moved from place to place, earning money for its successive owners. What its end will be is unknown for it is still at work in a mill that bears its name - the Wembley Mill.

7 pages, illustrated

In Memoriam - John Simmons

John Simmons spent most of his life in the world of books and contributed greatly to the study of paper and its history. He did extensive work for The Paper Publications Society, including translation and other work on volumes of Russian watermarks, spending many years as General Editor. His work and enthusiasm will be greatly missed.

3 pages, illustrated

Chafford Mill: A Short History - Sarah Tanner and Daven Chamberlain

Short but comprehensive history of this Kent mill from the first mention in 1756 till closure in 1999. Papermakers associated with the mill are Stidolph, Taylor, Swayne, Turner and Warden. Paper from the mill was used by Henry Fox Talbot to produce his Calotype photograph paper.

7 pages, illustrated

On the Manufactory of Paper: A Poem - James Maxwell

A poem 'Setting forth the great utility thereof, and the benefits derived therefrom to all mankind by this noble invention'. James Maxwell appears to have been a weaver by trade and was a religious conservative who published several books.

5 pages

The Influence of the Seasons on Papermaking

A short piece reprinted from The World's Paper Trade Review, 1912. It describes how paper made during the various seasons of the year differed in subtle, but important ways, in mills where artificial means of protecting the raw materials and manufacturing processes from the elements do not exist.

1 page