The Quarterly No. 54 - April 2005

The Wise Family: Unlucky or Inept Papermakers? - Ian Dye

Between 1798 and 1861 eight members of the Wise family plied their trade at six paper mills in England and three in France. despite the death of the last of the papermaking line in 1861, the name lived on, as 'Wise & Co', in Northamptonshire, until 1882. This article seeks to establish the relationship between the papermaking wises and identify the mills at which they worked. The difficulty of unravelling the Wise family tree, which contains several Johns, was highlighted in an article on Padsole paper mill published in the January 2001 edition of The Quarterly.

11 pages, illustrated

Swansea Conference 2003

A Papermaking visit to China - Richard Hills 

An account of a visit to areas of China where paper is still made by hand in April and May 2002. The tour started in the western part of the country at Kunming with one circuit being traversed in a roughly north-westerly direction to Dali, Heqing, Zhongdian near the Tibetan border, and Lijiang. Then came a second route to the south-east of Kunming in Guizhou province based essentially on the area around Kaili. Eight different villages were visited where nine different ways of making paper where seen. The paper was made from two different fibre sources, paper mulberry and bamboo, each requiring different treatment. The article outlines the historical background before giving in depth descriptions of the processes involved.

9 pages, illustrated

Corrections to A Life with Paper: W J (Dard) Hunter 1883-1966 - Cathleen Baker

Barry Watson sent a copy of the above (The Quarterly No 51) article about Dard Hunter to Cathleen Baker, author of a book that was Barry's main reference source on his subject. Cathleen wrote back to Barry, thanking him for the article, and highlighting a small number of inaccuracies, which Barry wishes we record so as to correct the published record. Cathleen writes:

There are a few factual errors that you may want to note: Dard Hunter's mother's name was Harriet not Helen; the Hunters did not personally know Elbert Hubbard before DH went to the Roycrofters; Tuskegee Institute was the only one that was "all Negro"; and DH was a second generation printer. That DH was a 5th generation printer wasa common "myth" that he perpetuated, but I could find absolutely no evidence that anyone in his family prior to his father was an actual compositor/pressman.

1 page

The Development of Papermaking in County Durham - Jean Stirk

Papermaking was an important industry in Co. Durham for at least a century and a half, yet its history and role in the life of that county has been sadly neglected. The article concentrates on the development of papermaking in the area before 1900, it is an attempt to rectify that situation by revealing something of Co. Durham's papermaking past, in the hope that more will be unveiled by other researchers. It is also a taster of her new book soon to be published by the Durham County Local History Society.

7 pages, illustrated

The Nash Family at War: Papermaking as a P.O.W

An extract from the book 'William Nash of St Paul's Cray, Papermakers' by WS Shears. It details the wartime experiences of Colonel Nash and his nephew, Brian, both captured during the Second World War. The former maintained a correspondence with his employees at the mill using a special code and the latter devised methods of making paper by hand.

2 pages


A short extract from a document held in The National Archives addressing the definition of 'Millboard'. From document reference E134/26Geo2/Mich3, dated 26 George II.

1 page

Bath Conference 1999

The International Paper Trade - Tom Bolton

A paper aiming to review the paper industry, and to give the reader a feel for its magnitude, as well as an introduction to some of the current issues. The statistics were assembled ten years ago, and it is interesting to see how the industry has moved on from there. The subject is dealt with under a number of headings, dealing with a comparison of this industry with others; the tonnage changes over the years; raw material and environmental considerations; and finally, future prediction.

5 pages, illustrated, tables

The Rag-picker of Paris

This article was serialized between January and April in the 1893 edition of The Paper Maker and British Paper Trade Journal. It complements the two articles published previously in The Quarterly No 42 & The Quarterly No 44, by Henry Mayhew, which detailed the lives of the English professionals involved with street-collection and recycling of waste materials. Both sets of articles describe a level of recycling we can only marvel at in the modern world.

4 pages

Thomas Girtin's Watercolour of Egglestone Abbey Mill - Peter Bower

Short note on Thomas Girtin's painting of Eggleston Abbey Mill. JMW Turner's painting of the same mill has already been illustrated in The Quarterly No 13.

1 page, illustrated

The Paper in Unwin's 'A Century of Progress' published in 1926 - Alan Crocker

An examination of the paper used in the 1926 publication of Unwin Brothers Ltd A Century of Progress. Unwin Brothers leased both Chilworth paper mill and a former paper mill at Woking. The author has researched the history of the Chilworth and Woking paper mills. The nature of the paper and the arrangement of the watermarks leads him to conclude that the paper was made on a cylinder mould machine and a comprehensive account of the workings to that conclusion are detailed.

7 pages, illustrated

Book Reviews

The Leaves we Write On - James Cropper: A history in paper-making. Mark Cropper
Conservation Mounting for Prints and Drawings - A manual based on current practice at the British Museum. Joanna M Kosak.
The Wallpaper History Review 2004-5. Edited by Christine Woods.
The Paper Conservator Volume 28. Edited by Jane Eagan.