The Quarterly No. 53 - January 2005

A Study of Economic and Social History in 19th Century Scotland: Comparison of the Philosophies of Cowan vs. Owen - Peter Smaill

The Cowans campaigned vigorously and successfully on the matter of the excise on paper, set at 30% and far in excess of continental rates. In this matter it has but rarely been noted that they were in contact with the famous pioneer socialist Robert Owen. In the clash of ideas between the Cowan family and Robert Owen of Lanark, we can trace the response of practical men of business to the ideas of Adam Smith, in the hundred years following his death in 1790.

5 pages, illustrated

History of Paper Test Instrumentation part 1: Introduction and Basic Material Composition - Daven Chamberlain 

First of a series of articles giving a comprehensive coverage of the history and development of instrumentation used to assess paper properties, and so predict their suitability for end use requirements. It is intended to highlight a number of important areas of test instrumentation, and to try and show how instruments developed over time. Where possible it is also intended to illustrate articles with examples of such instrumentation, so that a record is made of how the instruments looked as well as how they operated and what they measured.

10 pages, illustrated

Mr Holmes Goes a Wooing - Mike Malley

Whilst examining the archives of Oakenclough Paper Mill the author came across a poem written by Charles Holmes following a visit to 'Jackson's Paper Mill' in 1851. It has an unusual style of prose but its verses confirm innovative changes taking place both at the mill and on the attached 150 acre farm. Appendix detailing Sun Fire-Office Insurance Policy for Oakenclough Mill.

3 pages, illustrated, appendix

Paper Manufacture - Albert E Reed

An article taken from the Society for the Promotion of Scientific Industry - Artisans Reports Upon the Vienna Exhibition 1873. It provides a fascinating insight into various aspects of the industry at the time, written by a knowledgeable authority on the subject. The language is marvellously direct, with opinions offered on a great many exhibits, from machinery and paper samples, to wires and pulps. It is also interesting to see how Reed manages to include a little self-promotion into the report, which ends on a surprisingly modern environmental theme.

8 pages

The Paper of 'The Grete Herbal', 1526 - Ian Christie-Miller

'The Grete Herbal', 1526, London, (174 page folio bound in sixes), is the first illustrated book on plants printed in England. Study of watermarks shows that the paper comes from a large number of different mills. Comparison is made against the paper used in four other 1526 copies, and one 1529 copy. A description is given of a simple technique to create a composite image of a watermark from several watermarks partially obscured by overprinting. Also an appreciation is made of a newly devised technique for the covert enhancement of security of handmade paper. This is the Paperprint method which effectively generates a digital fingerprint of the paper. A brief description is given of the Advanced Paper Imaging System - APIS - which was used for the work.

4 pages, illustrated

Vegetable Parchment - The German Connection - Philip Harris

Between 1945 and 1947 in the aftermath of World War II a little known project took place - a complete survey of both German and Japanese industry. The purpose was simply to collect and publicise all technical information which might be of value to British industry. The reports were compiled by British Intelligence Objectives Sub-Committees (BIOS), BIOS Team No. 2562 dealt with the German vegetable parchment industry, summarised in the article.

4 pages, appendix

Belgium Conference 2002

Carbonless Copy Paper: A Personal Reminiscence - Ian Hendry

The author was involved in the introduction of carbonless copy paper to Britain and its development by 1980 into a £100,000,000 business. This article is a record of that development rather than a historical document.

8 pages, illustrated

The Preparation of Japanese Paper

The quality and properties of Japanese paper have long been admired in the West. This article, which first appeared in The Paper Trade Review, Vol.13, 14 February 1890, details some early investigative work performed in Germany, the main centre for the scientific analysis of paper and papermaking at the time, on samples of Japanese paper. It shows how the plant types play a major role in giving the paper its unique combination of properties.

2 pages

Papermaking Texts: On Paper Mills and Making Straw-Paper in England - Alan Crocker

Originally published in the Annals of Arts and Manufactures or Technological Specifications on Modern Discoveries concerning Arts, Manufactures, Agriculture and Commerce under the title 'On Paper Mills and Making Straw-Paper in England, with an abridged description of the Paper Mill of Mr Koops in London, October-November 1802. See also 'Papermaking Texts: Repulping Paper and Straw-Paper' in The Quarterly 51, July 2004.

8 pages, illustrated