The Quarterly No. 43 - July 2002


Papermaking Texts: Matthias Koops' Petition - Alan Crocker

Matthias Koops had been granted two patents in 1800, one for a method of de-inking and remaking paper, and the second for making paper from straw and other materials. The first patent had been enrolled in the Court of Chancery as was required, the patentee is protected against infringement by the inhabitants of Great Britain, but not against foreign infringement, as happened.. The second patent was not enrolled and Koops petitioned for protection on his second patent. The text of the report on this is reprinted in full in this article.

5 pages, illustrated


Employment of Children in Paper Mills in England and Wales in the Mid-nineteenth Century part two - Tanya Schmoller

Continuation of an extract of information on this subject from the 1843 Second Report to the Commissioners on Trades and Manufactures contained in Volumes 9 to 11of the British Parliamentary Papers. The areas inspected are Kent, Bucks and Herts; Exeter; Northumberland and Durham; West and North of Lancashire; some miscellaneous mills in the south east; and Wrexham. Volume 9 reports on the industry in general, covering Place of Work, Nature of Employment, Hours of Work, Accidents, Wages and Physical Condition. The author considers the information sufficiently interesting to quote verbatim, using the numbered paragraphs.

8 pages


The Illusive Silver Lining: The Rise and Fall of the Lancashire Limited Paper Company between 1860 and 1880 part three - Mike Malley

The third part of an investigative article into the factors influencing the demise of several mills in Lancashire including the role of company promoters in the foundation of mills. The author highlights the high number of mills founded in the area many of which failed in a relatively short time.

6 pages, illustrated


British Bibliography of Paper History and Watermark Studies No 9, 2001 - Andrew Honey

Listing of articles concerned with papermaking published in 2001, with addenda to Bibliography No 8, 2000.

3 pages


Index to The Quarterly Nos 37-40 - Terry Wells

The index is arranged in nine categories: Articles by author; Articles by title; Book reviews; General index; Illustrations; Papermakers; Paper mills; Tipped-in paper samples; Watermarks. The Watermarks index is further divided into those that are illustrated and those that are mentioned in the text.

11 pages


The Edinburgh Papers (part two)

William Morris and Paper - Barry Watson

In his early years William Morris was best known as a bookman, later founding Kelmscott Press. This article explores his relationship with publishing, printing and papermaking. Described is the relationship he forged with Ford Mill in Kent and the specific paper he requested based on fifteenth century books printed in Italy. He designed three watermarks for his paper, two of which are illustrated in the article.

6 pages, illustrated


The Time Capsule at Hele Mill - Phil Crockett

Potted history of the Devon Valley Mill situated at Hele near Exeter from the eighteenth century to the present day. Recent developments have necessitated demolition of the old machine house and salle, during which a small lead casket was found in the wall of the salle. The contents of this were paper samples, office stationery and a list of mill employees in October 1903 when the building was built. 

4 pages, illustrated


History of Chirnside Bridge Paper Mill - Graham Horsburgh

Article about the early history of Chirnside Bridge Paper Mill with reference to Broomhouse Mill, the forerunner of Chirnside Bridge Mill and to The Dexter Corporation, the present owners of the site. Chirnside Bridge was worked by Young Trotter and Sons from the mid nineteenth century up to the 1960's when the site was purchased by The Dexter Corporation as their first site outside the USA.

7 pages, illustrated


Dalmore Mill - The Last Mill on the Esk - Gordon Wallace

History of the mill from its foundation in 1835 to the present day, charting developments in technology as they were installed, the costs involved, production rates and raw materials used. The final paragraph gives the authors thoughts on the future of the mill.

5 pages, illustrated