The Quarterly No. 19 - July 1996


The Papermaking Craigs - Jeremy Reece

A brief history of the Craigs, one of the main Scottish papermaking families in the nineteenth century. Through marriage they established connections with other Scottish papermaking families. Different generations of the family worked at or owned mills at various times in Perthshire, Fife, Lanarkshire and Midlothian. The article covers a period from 1770 to the early twentieth century.

5 pages, illustrated


Scottish Mills as seen by Foreign Observers: The Travel Diaries of Joshua Gilpin, 1795, and Eric Svendenstierna, 1803 - A P Woolrich

Joshua Gilpin was the American papermaker who introduced the techniques of chemical bleaching and machine papermaking into the United States as a result of two study tours in Britain and Ireland in 1795-1801 and 1811-1814. He records visits to several papermills in the Edinburgh area and includes comprehensive descriptions of some of the buildings and processes with many sketches. Eric Svendenstierna was an official of Jernkonter the central organisation of the Swedish Ironmasters Organisation. He visited Scotland in 1802-3 and gives a good description of the equipment and processes in a papermill near Edinburgh.

6 pages, illustrated


British Paper Mills: Scottish Paper Mills 1825-1995 - Richard L Hills

A listing of over 100 papermills and papermakers in Scotland, mainly by the numbers given to the mills by the Customs and Excise for collecting the duty on paper, but also includes several which set up business after the abolition of the duty in 1860/1. The lists have been compiled using publications and directories from the specific years of 1825, 1832, 1852, 1860, 1876, 1921, 1930, 1958, 1969 and 1995.

6 pages, illustrated


Digital Imaging of Watermarks - Ian Christie-Miller

This article gives notes of using the SOBER (Small Opening Book Examiner and Recorder) system, which permits digital records to be obtained not only from individual sheets of paper, but also from bound volumes. The device is currently under development but the practicality of the procedure has already been established.

1 page, illustrated


British Bibliography of Paper History and Watermark Studies No. 3, 1995 - Norman Armes

A listing of publications and articles relating to paper history and allied topics published in 1995.

2 pages


British Watermarks: Some Scottish Watermarks - Peter Bower

The earliest known Scottish papermakers are Mungo Russell and his son, Gideon, who worked Dalry Mill, near Edinburgh. Unfortunately they have not left any identifiable watermarks, indeed, little work has been done on identifying and cataloguing Scottish watermarks. It is hoped that this selection of a few watermarks (seven) may encourage someone to undertake such a study.

4 pages, illustrated