The Quarterly No. 17 - January 1996

British Watermarks: Forgeries of Whatman Marks - Peter Bower and Richard Hills

Western European papermakers have always used and appropriated each others marks. Sometimes this was because moulds had been lent for sub-contract orders, but makers also stole another makers mark because that mark had come to signify quality. This article covers some of the examples found by E. G. Loeber of forged 'Whatman' paper made on the continent in the first half of the nineteenth century.

4 pages, illustrated

British Paper Mills: Mill 364, Some Earlier History - Brian Luker

Notes on the history of St. Cuthbert's papermill in the parish of St. Cuthbert's, Somerset, from 1736-1786. There are two papermills, both in the same building, referred to in the documents consulted and details are given of the equipment installed in both.

2 pages

A Further Contribution to the Biography of John Gamble - Norman Cowell

Supplementary information to an earlier article by Norman Cowell, "John Gamble and the St. Neots Paper Mill", in The Quarterly, No 12. The information in the first article was taken almost entirely from a memorandum written by John Gamble himself, and details his connection with this Cambridgeshire mill. This article draws on parish, census and other official records to provide a fuller account of his life, including time in France and his association with the world's first food cannery.

5 pages, illustrated, map

Richard Hills, BAPH Chairman from 1989 to 1995 - Alan Crocker

Acknowledgement of the invaluable contributions of retiring Chairman, Richard Hills, in the foundation years of the BAPH, by the succeeding Chairman, Alan Crocker.

1 page

John Dickinson's Thread Paper - H. Dagnall

The history, use and technical details of the production of this security paper by John Dickinson at Nash Mill, Hertfordshire. The output was undoubtedly small, but there is probably more thread paper in existence than any other paper made by Dickinson at the same period. This article is intended to complement Richard Hills' "The Cylinder Mould Machine", part 1 in The Quarterly, No 4, and part 2 in The Quarterly, No 5.

5 pages, illustrated

Miscellany: A Cure for Deafness?.

Paper has a multitude of uses and amongst Fanny Boscawen's letters is one, dated 23rd September 1790, where we find the following advice for the hard of hearing:
"Mr Cole says you must cut a bit of the coarsest brown paper, which you know is made of tar (or pitch) , hemp, etc, the shape of your ears, and cover each ear with it at night, wearing it under your nightcap, and persist in this a long time. He vows it will cure your deafness."

Aspects of the Design and Contruction of the Ferranti Cable of 1890 - William McNair

Michael Faraday had drawn attention to the good electrical insulating properties of dry paper as far back as 1836, however, it was not until 50 years later that proposals to use a paper insulated cable were put forward. This article gives details of the construction and use of the paper insulated Ferranti Trunk Main rated at 10,000 volts, used to transmit electricity from the generating station at Deptford to the Grovesnor Gallery in the West End of London.

2 pages, illustrated


A letter from John A. Lane of Holland with further information regarding the watermarks of the Prince of Wales Feathers.

The Vocabulary of Papermaking: Concerning the Derivation of the Words Potcher and Poacher.

Extracts from correspondence between the paper historian and watermark collector, Clayton Beadle, and Sir James Murray during the preparation of The Oxford New English Dictionary. First published in 1908/9 as an Appendix to volume 5 of Clayton Beadle's Chapters on Paper-making.

2 pages

Book Review

The Banker's Art: Studies in Paper Money. Edited by Virginia Hewitt.