The Quarterly No. 15 - June 1995

British Paper Mills: The Afonwen Mills, North Wales - Richard Hills

There have been two paper mills at Afonwen. The first, Wheeler or Afonwen, Mill 444, was in operation from 1786 until 1918. The second, Afonwen, Mill 501, was in operation from about 1822 until 1874. The article covers the history of both, concentrating in particular on the longer history of Mill 444, with notes on the subsequent uses of the buildings.

7 pages, illustrated, appendix

British Bibliography of Paper History and Watermark Studies, No 2, 1994 - Peter Bower

A listing of publications and articles relating to paper history and allied topics published in 1994.

2 pages

Book Reviews

Somebody said that it couldn't be done. Autobiography by Kenneth Horne.
Uncoated Papers Technical Guide. Published by Robert Horne.
Coated Papers Technical Guide. Published by Robert Horne.

Miscellany: A Quire of Paper

Extract from Mary Kettilby's, A Collection of above three hundred receipts in cookery, physick, and surgery for the use of all good wives, tender mothers and careful nurses, by several hands. Published in London, 1714.

Thin Cream Pancakes Call'd a Quire of Paper

  • 1 pint light cream combined with 1/4 pound melted butter.
  • 8 eggs
  • 3 tablespoons flour
  • 3 tablespoons sherry
  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 1/4 teaspoon orange extract
  • dash of grated nutmeg

Combine all the ingredients except the flour. Add a little of the liquid to the flour, slowly, in order to keep it smooth. When the flour is well diluted and smooth, add it to the balance of the batter. Have ready a small heavy skillet, preferably one 6 inches in diameter. Heat, until a small dab of butter will foam in it. Use only enough of the batter to run thinly over the bottom of the skillet. Cook until golden. Turn and finish on the other side. Sprinkle each pancake with granulated sugar, piling them one on top of the other as evenly as possible. Keep warm in the oven. A dab of orange marmalade or any jelly on top of the hot stack is a handsome finish and will melt and ooze down the sides.
These quantities will make 20 6-inch pancakes, which will wait patiently in a warm oven until you are ready to serve them.

Picture Miscellany

Turn of the 20th century photographs showing the activities of two finishing departments in Purfleet and Buckland Mills.




British Watermarks: Prince of Wales' Feathers - Peter Bower and Richard Hills

Companion article to the history of Afonwen Mills, the complexities of who was operating the Afonwen Mills is reflected in the problems faced when considering the various watermarks attributed to them. Some of these contain the Prince of Wales' Feathers and authorities such as Shorter and Heawood have attributed these marks to Afonwen. Close examination of the known examples throws up many inconsistencies, this article examines some of the other possibilities.

5 pages, illustrated